to mine reactive sulphide ore
Home | to mine reactive sulphide ore

The explosive is compatible with reactive ores containing sulfides or pyrites. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION. As indicated above the addition of urea to an emulsion explosive as a dry powder, dry prill or preferably dissolved in the oxidizer phase greatly reduces the reactivity of the nitrate salts in the emulsion with sulfide/pyrite ores.

1 Types of copper sulfide ore (1) Single copper mineral Its ore characteristic is relatively simple, and the only useful component that can be recycled is copper. The gangue minerals are mainly quartz, carbonate and silicate. (2) Copper-sulfur ore Called copper-bearing pyrite. In addition to copper minerals, iron sulfide can be recovered, and the main mineral of sulfur is pyrite.

Waste characterisation is the study of the environmental impacts of mining waste during mining, processing and above ground storage of ore prior to treatment. Waste characterisation needs to consider whether the waste will cause: acid & metalliferous drainage (AMD) saline and/or sodic drainage (i.e. neutral mine drainage) leaching and mobilisation of metals and toxic compound

reactive and less affected by suUidJ~. minerals in complex ores; but, as with caustic cyanide, gold and silver extrac­ tion is usually low with complex sulfide gold-silver ores. A procedure to extract silver from sulfide ores with FeC13 was patented by Hey in 1922 (6). Considera­ ble work was completed by …

Gold price allows miner to consider sulphide ores. November 9, 2020 The National Business. THE current price of gold have allowed St Barbara's Simberi gold mine in New Ireland to go back and mine material that was not economically feasible before, general manager Jason Robertson says. He noted that the mine was currently investigating a ...

SULFIDE MINING So, in order to generate maximum profits the cost associated with moving and disposing of crushed hard sulfide ore must be "controlled". From the environmental perspective these mining project plans must be designed to fail. The waste is reactive and the leaching process perpetual.

What is Sulfide Mining Mining Action Group. If sulfide ore or sulfide tailings are exposed to water and air during mining a chemical reaction creates sulfuric acid – basically battery acid There has never been a sulfide mine that has not polluted nearby water resources Pollution from sulfide mining is very expensive to fix and a burden for taxpayers

Ores of highly, moderately, and low reactive metals are 1 st concentrated. This step is common for ores of all types of metals. It is carried out by various methods depending upon the nature of the ore. ... Sulfide ores are changed into their oxides by roasting. In this process sulfide ores are heated strongly in the presence of excess of air.

mining, and have historically been recognized .Nordstrom and Alpers, 1999b . Mining, however, frequently results in increased exposure of reactive mineral surfaces to oxidants. This has occurred at Iron Mountain due to the extensive tunnel systems and fracturing of the overall ore body. Pyrite FeS is the most abundant sulfide on the . 2 Earth ...

A novel technique ("bioshrouding") for safeguarding highly reactive sulfidic mineral tailings deposits is proposed. In this, freshly milled wastes are colonised with ferric iron-reducing heterotrophic acidophilic bacteria that form biofilms on reactive mineral surfaces, thereby preventing or minimising colonisation by iron sulfide-oxidising chemolithotrophs such as Acidithiobacillus ...

Sulfide ores are always exposed to oxygen in the air rather than to any external heating during mining, mineral processing, storage, and transportation of related sulfide materials; this will ...

Copper sulphate can be used to separate Copper from Nickel in a sulphide ore or Copper from Fe in Cu -Fe sulphide ore. CuSO 4 solution can also be used for removing Pb, Zn, and Fe from copper sulphide ores. In presence of oxidizing agents: Ferric ion: Ferric sulphate or chloride react with metal sulphides liberating elemental sulphur, e.g.

The type and distribution of sulphide minerals can vary widely according to the type of ore deposit, nature of the mine waste, and mine stage. Certain types of ore deposits can be devoid of sulphides (e.g., oxide-facies banded iron formation [BIF] deposits) while others contain very substantial amounts of sulphide (e.g., VMS deposits).

water while heavier ore particles settle down. Ex. Oxygenated Ores. (b) Froth Floatation method This method is mainly employed for the concentration of sulphide ores. The method is based on the different wetting characteristics of the gangue and the sulphide ore with water and oil. The gangue preferrentially wetted by water and the ore by oil.

T he copper mining industry is reaching a turning point. Surface oxide deposits are depleting and copper miners are turning their attention to untapped sulfide ores found deeper underground. However, sulfides require more expensive processing techniques since they are not responsive to standard technologies that are used in oxide heap leaching.

Metallic sulfide mining (aka hard rock mining) is the practice of extracting metals such as nickel, gold and copper from a sulfide-rich ore body. Sulfides are a geologic byproduct of mining in this area, and by exposing sulfides to the air and water in our atmosphere, sulfuric acid can be created — threatening to poison the nearby water ...

A corresponding fall in the H 2 O 2 soluble fraction (phase 3) indicates oxidation of reactive sulphide ores, which was predicted by several studies following the spill (cf. Alastuey et al., 1999 ...

Hot and/ore Reactive Ground. While not common, reactive ground is potentially a highly dangerous and frequently misidentified hazard. A runaway reaction between sulphide minerals and ammonium nitrate can lead to spontaneous and premature detonation of one or more blastholes at any time from a few minutes to several days after loading.. Hot ground is rock heated to more than 55 degrees due to ...

The average massive sulphide camp in Canada has about 9 deposits, but ranges from four (Manitowadge) to 21 (Noranda), However, an individual deposit may consist of a number of closely associated, discrete lenses ranging from several thousand to several million tons in size (ea. Millenbach Mine was 16 geologically discrete ore lenses).

Nickel sulfide ores are processed by heap leaching in Sotkama, eastern Finland (Talvivaara, 2011).The process entails the following: (a) open-pit mining of 0.2% Ni, 0.5% Zn, 0.1% Cu, and 0.02% Co sulfide ore; (b) four-stage crushing; (c) rotary kiln agglomeration with sulfuric acid;

Mining will involve extensions of the current oxide only open pit mining areas to extract the deeper gold sulphide refractory ore zones. Sulphide ore is then hauled to the existing run of mine (ROM) and stockpile areas for treatment. Snowden (Dec 2016) mentioned the load and haul fleet was selected to achieve close to 8,000– 10,000 t/d movement.

Spontaneous Combustion Management Spontaneous combustion is a process that affects a broad range of mining operations, including gold, silver, copper, lead-zinc, nickel, tin, iron ore and coal (brown and black). The process is initiated by the spontaneous oxidation of extremely reactive iron sulfide minerals (largely pyrite, marcasite or pyrrhotite), in a highly exothermic process that ...

Cinnabar (mercury sulfide) is the single most toxic mineral to handle on Earth. The name of the crystal means dragons blood, and it is the main ore of mercury. Forming near volcanos and sulfur deposits, the bright red crystals signal danger of the worst kind.

Reactive shale has a propensity to self-heat and can react with some explosives, resulting in spontaneous explosion. Sulphide rich zones also have the potential to generate acid rock drainage (ARD). Mining reactive shale at the Mt Whaleback mine must be undertaken in a safe, efficient and environmentally responsible manner.

Twin Metals Mining In The Boundary Waters (BWCA) Join the Fight to Protect the Boundary Waters Canoe Area from Copper-Sulfide Mining. Water is the lifeblood of the BWCA. Because the geology of the BWCA is such that it can't buffer or effectively absorb acid mine drainage, pollution from the Twin Metals' copper-sulfide mine would spread over ...

Reactive ground is a term used in the mining industry to describe ground in which the reaction between sulphides (especially iron and copper sulphides) contained in rock and the ammonium nitrate contained in explosives may take place. The reaction of ammonium nitrate with sulphide-containing minerals is an auto-catalysed process which can, after

sulphide ore, which will now be treated by the Sulphide Leach Project, Escondida Norte has an estimated probable reserve of 117 million tonnes of oxide ore at an average soluble copper grade 0.77%, above a soluble copper cut-off grade of 0.2%, which also …

of the sulfide ore body and surrounding material creates the conditions for AMD production: a continuous supply of water, oxygen, and exposed sulfide minerals. In addition, groundwater flow near the underground openings is altered. The volume of an aquifer affected depends on the dimensions of the mine (its shape, depth, volume, and

Sulfide-ore copper mining is a risky type of mining that has never been done before in Minnesota. No matter the method, sulfide-ore copper mines proposed near the Boundary Waters would extract trace amounts of metals from large volumes of rock. Rock is blasted from pit walls and sorted into metal-bearing ore and waste rock.

Copper Mining and Extraction: Oxide Ores. Copper is refined from ores in the ground, either through underground or open-pit mines. Most of the copper ores mined today are oxide or sulfide ores. Extraction of sulfide ores is covered in more detail in Copper Mining and Extraction: Sulfide Ores (11–14), but is introduced here because an ...

Sulfide minerals comprise a group of minerals in which the inorganic anion sulfide (S-2) is typically bound to a metal. The pyrite Jeremiah found in the river is an iron sulfide with the chemical ...

The mining industry is looking forward for bacterial consortia for economic extraction of copper from low-grade ores. The main objective was to determine an optimal bacterial consortium from several bacterial strains to obtain copper from the leach of chalcopyrite. The major native bacterial species involved in the bioleaching of sulphide ore ...

Cross passage blasting Sulphide dust reduction Minimise fume Secondary blasting Rapid development in block and cave mine Nitrate control in groundwater Improve fragmentation flow and ore recovery Shaft, raise and slot blasting Hot and / or reactive ground Restricted access blasting Storage and handling of explosives